Our modern technology is greatly influenced by robotics. It is alleged to be the fundamental science and technology underlying robotics. It has to do with software, mechanics, and electronics. According to its documented history, Leonardo da Vinci created the Mechanical Knight, a humanoid robot, in 1495. Jacques de Vaucanson created a life-size automaton in the shape of a duck in 1737. It was claimed that the design could consume grains and metabolise and excrete them. The karakuri toys, a motorised puppet or automata that can serve tea, fire arrows, and paint, were created by the Japanese in the 1800s.
The idea of robots was originally introduced to the public in the 1920s by Czech playwright Karel AOEapek, whose play R.U.R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) told the tale of a factory that created androids and clones — beings that may pass for humans and had the capacity for independent thought.
Westinghouse of Pittsburgh created the Electro robot between 1933 and 1938. It is a seven-foot tall, 265-pound robot that resembles a humanoid more than anything else. It can move its arms and head, walk on voice commands, say roughly 700 words, blow up balloons, and smoke a cigarette. It has photoelectric eyes that can discriminate between red and green light.
The first industrial robots were introduced by General Motors in 1961 in New Jersey with the Unimate. George Devol developed the engineering technology for it in the 1950s utilising his own original patents. Devol and Joseph Engelberger founded the first-ever robot manufacturing company, “Unimation,” together. The machine’s task is to move die castings from an assembly line so that these components can be welded to auto bodies. For high speed operation in the manufacture of cars, Unimate consists of a computer box linked to another box coupled to an arm design. It can perform more tasks because it can be programmed to do so.
The first industrial robot with six electromechanically driven axes was created by KUKA Robotics, a major German manufacturer of industrial robots, and was called FAMULUS. Its 350 mm to 3700 mm reach and 3 kilogramme to 1300 kg payload ranges are all controlled by a PC-based controller platform.
Robotic structures are likely modelled after how the human body and skeletal system, or what we refer to as the kenematic chain, function. It is made up of joints that provide a variety of degrees of freedom, linkages similar to our bones, and actuators like our muscles. Batteries are the primary source of power for robots, but other options include pneumatic (compressed gases), hydraulic (compressed liquid), and radio-active sources.
The legacy of robots has aided us in many aspects of daily life. We could nearly see them every where. industrial robots are used almost universally in production lines, increasing output and worker safety. In the future, we might even have robot workers and helpers, just as in the movies.